To cure sometimes, to relieve often, to comfort always.
— Dr. E. L. Trudeau
Edward Livingston Trudeau (5 October 1848 – 15 November 1915) was an American physician who established the Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium at Saranac Lake for treatment of tuberculosis. Dr. Trudeau also established the Saranac Laboratory for the Study of Tuberculosis, the first laboratory in the United States dedicated to the study of tuberculosis. He was a public health pioneer who helped to establish principles for disease prevention and control.
Trudeau married Miss Lottie Beare in June 1871, and after a honeymoon in Europe the couple settled on Long Island NY, where Trudeau began his medical practice. Trudeau mentioned Lottie with great affection in his autobiography and remarked on the fortitude with which she met the many adversities of their married life, which included his long struggle with tuberculosis, and the deaths of three of their four children. Shortly after settling in their new home on Long Island, Lottie gave birth to the couple’s first child, Charlotte, whom they called “Chatte.”
He was diagnosed with tuberculosis in 1873, shortly before the birth of their second child, Edward Livingston Jr, whom they called Ned. Following conventional thinking of the times, his physicians and friends urged a change of climate. He went to live in the Adirondack Mountains, initially at Paul Smith’s Hotel, spending as much time as possible in the open; he subsequently regained his health. In 1876 he moved his family to Saranac Lake and established a medical practice among the sportsmen, guides and lumber camps of the region. In 1877 Lottie gave birth to a third child, Henry, who died after a brief illness in the winter of 1878 or 1879.